Despite the strong efforts of the Office of the State TIP Coordinator, the Anti-TIP Strike Force, and non-governmental organizations in BiH which assist TIP victims, leaders across all party and ethnic lines failed over the past two years to provide adequate funding and support to those on the front lines in the struggle against human trafficking and forced labor.
Since BiH first rose to “Tier 1” status in the 2010 TIP report, authorities at all levels in Bosnia and Herzegovina have done little to implement the recommendations in the State Department’s TIP Action Plan for Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Entity lawmakers did not enact amendments to harmonize the laws of the entities and Brcko District with the state-level criminal code and international standards. Judicial institutions failed to aggressively prosecute TIP cases, particularly those involving ethnic Roma victims of forced begging and sexual exploitation.
“Tier 1” countries are those whose governments fully comply with the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act’s (TVPA) minimum standards.
“Tier 2” countries are those whose governments do not fully comply with the TVPA’s minimum standards, but are making significant efforts to bring themselves into compliance with those standards.
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